Car Terms

 


Next time when you're getting a service done, don't wonder what your Anti-locking Braking System does or why Spark Plugs are so important to replace. Enhance your car knowledge with the list below and be on your way to becoming a car expert:

ABS: 
The Anti-lock Braking System is a safety feature that keeps the wheels tractive contact with the road surface and helps prevent uncontrolled skidding. 


COMBUSTION CHAMBER:
A device where the vehicle's fuel is at the top of the engine cylinders and is either ignited (petrol) or compressed (diesel). 



DISC BRAKES:
A braking system that uses pads to create friction against a disc to make the vehicle slow down or stop. 


EXHAUST:
The pipe located at the back of the vehicle where the gases from the combustion procedure are released.  


GEARBOX:
A mechanical method of transferring energy from one device to another all while increasing torque and reducing speed. 



POWERTRAIN:
The main components that drive power from the engine to its axle while delivering it to the road's surface.


RPM:
Revolutions per minute. A measure of the frequency of rotation and how fast the engine is running.  


SUSPENSION SYSTEMS: 
The system that connects the tires, springs, shocks and linkages together and allows relative motion. 

TURBO: 
A turbine-driven device used to force extra air into the combustion chamber, thus increasing the combustion engine's efficiency. 

V-TYPE ENGINES:
 The Cylinders and pistons are aligned in two separate planes and appear in a "V" shape. 

BRIGHTWORK:
Anything added to the vehicle that is reflective and enhances the appearance. 



 COMPRESSOR:
  An object used by some manufacturers that improves the vehicle's engine by pushing air into the combustion chamber.



 DRIVETRAIN: 
The mechanism that delivers power to the driving wheels.


FRONT WHEEL DRIVE:
A transmission system that delivers the power from the engine to the front wheels. 




GRILLE:
A grating or screen of metal bars located at the front of the vehicle to protect the radiator and engine as well as allow ventilation.


REAR WHEEL DRIVE:
A transmission system that delivers the power from the engine to the rear wheels.


 RUBBING STRIP:
A piece of rubber used for protection around the door. Also known as trim guards or body mouldings.


 TORQUE:
A force that rotates or turns things. In a vehicle, the engine uses torque to produce force and make the wheels turn.

TURN-IN:
The shift from driving straight to cornering. 
 CARBURETORS:
A device in an internal combustion engine used to mix the right amount of gas with air so the engine runs properly.


 CYLINDER:
An essential part of the engine. A piston within moves up and down and compresses the gas which ignites and causes combustion. The amount of cylinders affects the performance of the vehicle.

DRUM BRAKES:
A braking system that uses a brake shoe that presses against the inside of a drum on the wheel to make the vehicle slow down or stop.

FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM:
A system to introduce fuel into the internal combustion and automotive engines. This is a necessity for Diesel engines and an alternative to the carburetor for petrol engines. 

HORSEPOWER:
A unit of measurement of power at the rate in which work is done. The power of the engine is measured by this; a unit of power equal to 550 foot-pounds per second (745.7 watts). 


REVS:
A revolution per minute. This increases the speed of the motor by pressing the accelerator.


 SPARK PLUGS:
A device that delivers the electric current from the ignition system to the combustion chamber and ignites the compressed fuel and air mixture in the engine.
TRANSMISSION:
  The mechanism where the power is transmitted from the engine to the wheels. 


UNDERSTEER:
A term used to describe the sensitivity of a vehicle's steering. For example, the vehicle turns more sharply than the driver intended.